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Working and Living in Fluid Organisations


Since the beginning of the 21st century, the weakening of bureaucracy gives individuals a wider space of freedom and challenges traditional management methods.
Thus, society is moving from a time in which individuals had to adapt to organisations to a time in which organisations can adapt to individuals. This evolution constitutes an opportunity for progress, both economically and socially, but also entails risks for both the organisation’s performance and for individuals. This research area, Working and Living in Fluid Organisations, addresses this very issue.

Research Themes

Three key areas constitute the research in Working and living in fluid organisations: boundaries, legitimacy and care.


Fluid organisation results from a remodelling of organisational structures carried out in a context of globalisation of the economy. Thus, it is natural to discuss changing borders. Our research will focus on three types of borders:

  • Organisational boundaries
  • Spatial and spatio-temporal boundaries
  • Cultural and symbolic boundaries


New interactions in the work place question the changing meanings of legitimacy, which suggests three avenues of research:

  • The construction of legitimacy
  • The interdependent evolution of rules and organisations
  • The legitimacy of management


Increase freedom of individuals in organisations alters both relationships and the self. Research in this area will focus on:

  • Autonomy and accountability
  • The relational approach between individuals
  • The recognition of emotions

The activity of the research area aligns with EM Normandie’s research policy, in particular through synergies with the Chair Management of Digital Transformation. The introduction of digital tools reinforces cross-functionality within organisations, the development of a culture of collaboration and the need for managerial innovation. These developments are a vector of fluidity.

Opportunities specific to the Chair revolve around the broad question: how to support organisations in achieving their digital transformation? It will be possible to address this question according to each of the three components of the research area:

  • Changes in the working environment and the development of telework refer to the question of borders,
  • The spread of control possibilities questions the legitimacy of the organisation,
  • The evolution of trust in professional relations refers to care.

Members of the Research Area

Head of the research area: Jean-Denis Culié

Members of the research area:

  • Sarah Alves
  • Yoann Bazin
  • Christine Bernadas
  • Laetitia Condamin
  • Jean-Denis Culié
  • Muriel Durand
  • Christine Fournes
  • Jean-François Garcia
  • Jennifer Harrison
  • Clémence Joffre
  • Maria Kakarika
  • Helena Karjalainen
  • Amira Laifi
  • Hendrik Lohse
  • Patrick Loux
  • Vincent Meyer
  • Delphine Minchella
  • Anna Obermöller
  • Brigitte Pereira
  • Xavier Philippe
  • Jean Pralong
  • Alexandre Renaud
  • Diana Santistevan
  • Agnis Stibe
  • Sabrina Tanquerel

Other research areas of the Métis Laboratory

Research activities are carried out within the framework of the Métis Laboratory, which is organised around three other areas: